Treating conditions involving skin, hair, and nails
What does a dermatologist do
Dermatologist is a type of doctor that diagnoses and treats conditions that affect hair, skin, and nails in adults and children. They also treat conditions that affect mucous membranes, or the delicate tissue that lines your nose, mouth, and eyelids. Dermatologist can also help with STDs treatment.
Dermatologist often works closely with other specialists, such as oncologist or surgeon. Dermatology includes clinical dermatology (diagnosis and treatment of dermal diseases) and experimental dermatology (focusing on skin structure and functions). Other related fields, focusing on the skin functions, also come from dermatology:
- Venerology – diagnosing and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases
- Paediatric dermatology – treating dermal problems in children
- Geriatric dermatology – treating dermal problems in elderly
Scope of treatment
Dermatologist treats bacterial, viral or allergic skin problems as well as genetic and oncological issues. The most common dermatological diseases include:
- warts and MC (molluscum contagiosum)
- skin cancer,
- actinic keratosis (AK)
- premalignant skin lesions
- acne, rosacea
- eczema and other allergic diseases
- mycosis (fungal infections)
- androgenic alopecia, alopecia areata (TCA injections)
- venereology (sexually transmitted diseases)
- viral warts
- seborrheic warts
- small blood vessels
- stretch marks
- spider angioma
When to see a dermatologist
You should see a dermatologist if you’re experiencing problems with skin, scalp, nails, as well as the oral or genital mucosa. Doctor will evaluate the changes in order to make a diagnosis and start treatment.
Depending on the cause of the disease, dermatologist will implement treatment to not only help with the symptoms, but also to treat the cause of the problem. Depending on the severity of the problem, medications can take the form of injections, oral or topical medications (ointments, gels, creams, lotions, and shampoos).
In case of discoloration, skin lesions or rashes, dermatologist may refer you for a treatment outside the clinic, e.g., laser treatment, electrocoagulation, freezing or surgical removal of the lesion.
During consultation dermatologist will assess changes on the skin with a dermatoscope. It is a device that allows the doctor to see magnified lesion and enables to take the picture. Dermatoscope is particularly useful in the control of pigmented nevi, as it allows you to see changes that are invisible to the naked eye. Dermatoscopic examination is an important element of cancer prevention. It allows you to locate small lesions that can usually be successfully healed.
Dermatologist can perform various procedures. The most common is cryotherapy. Cryotherapy refers to a treatment in which surface skin lesions are frozen. A variety of skin lesions can be treated with cryotherapy including viral warts, seborrhoeic keratoses, sebaceous gland hyperplasia and dermatofibromas.