Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of the tooth and oral cavity diseases
What does a dentist do
Dentistry, also known as dental medicine and oral medicine, is a branch of medicine that involves the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. It commonly in the dentition (development and arrangement of teeth) as well as the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in associated maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. The field of dentistry or dental medicine includes teeth as well as other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures. The practitioner is called a dentist.
When to see a dentist
It is worth remembering that the dentist not only treats your dental problems but also cares about a proper profilaxis. That's why you should wait for the teeth to be seriously damaged, and the condition of the mucous membranes and gums will lead to health complications and painful treatments. It is best to have checkups at the dentist's office once a year, and even better every six months. This will save you pain and money.
You should always visit the dentist when there are cavities, periodontal changes, canker sores, bleeding gums, sensitive teeth and other problems in the mouth. Dentist will help you choose the best method of treatment to repair the damage and save our health and a beautiful smile.
Regular visits at the dental clinic are the best form of protection against serious oral diseases. During the visit, dentist will provide the patient with tips on proper dental and oral care, as well as information about basic preventive treatments. Preventive treatments are painless, usually short and do not cause complications.
As a part of preventive treatments, the dentist performs the following procedures:
• Removal of tartar (by scaling or sandblasting)
• Sealing of the tooth grooves
Scaling is a procedure involving the removal of tartar deposits using ultrasound. The treatment ends with polishing of the cleaned surfaces, to prevent the build-up of plaque in the future.
Sandblasting is a procedure involving the removal of soft sediments and discoloration with sandblasters, which remove the sediment under pressure, using a mixture of powder and water.
Tooth fluoridation is a procedure involving inserting fluoride onto the cleaned teeth, which prevents decay on smooth, tangential and gingival surfaces.
Sealing, which consists of covering and sealing dental grooves, gaps and cavities with lacquer, in both primary and permanent teeth. Sealing eliminates the development of decay in hard-to-reach places.
Most common dental problems
• tooth decay
• pulp inflammation, tooth gangrene, abscesses
• periodontal disease
• enamel erosion
• mouth ulcers
• oral cancer
Decay is the most common problem. It is caused by bacteria but can be treated effectively in the initial period of development. After removing the lesion, dentist inserts a filling, and in case of extensive lesions, they can perform root canal treatment. This treatment involves removing diseased pulp, restoring root canal, filling it with dental paste and closing the tooth with the filling.
In case of extensive lesions and more severe diseases of the teeth, periodontium and oral cavity, surgical procedures are performed under local or general anaesthesia by an oral surgeon.
In their practice, dentists use many examination techniques. Basic examination includes a medical history, teeth check-up and assessment of the gums, mucous membranes, and dental arches condition. This examination is performed with the use of dental instruments and usually is completely painless.
Sometimes more complex tools are needed to assess the condition of the oral cavity. The doctor can then use an X-ray to take a picture of the tooth. In cases of serious periodontitis, dental diseases and in oral surgery, the doctor may order additional tests.