How to prepare for the test
- Most blood tests should be performed on an empty stomach, approximately 12 hours after last meal. Children can have a light breakfast before the test.
- You should not have sweet drinks or a coffee in the morning before the test, to not disturb some parameters. You can have a little bit of water.
- Blood tests should not be run after a sleepless night, strenuous physical exertion or after consuming alcohol the night before.
- If you take regular medications your doctor should advise whether you can take them as usual. However, if possible, it is best to take medications after blood sampling, especially supplements and vitamins.
- Hormonal tests do not require fasting (except Prolactin test).
- Patient should tell the phlebotomist if he / she tends to faint so appropriate arrangements can be made.
General urine test
- For the urine test, the first morning sample is taken after waking up.
- The sample should be placed in a clean, disposable container.
- Container should be labelled with the patient's name, date of birth and the date the sample was taken.
- Urine should not be collected during menstrual bleeding.
Urine test for culture
- For general urine test and culture, the first sample is collected in the morning, under certain conditions.
- Urine containers must be sterile.
- Before urination you must thoroughly wash your genitals (use water and avoid disinfectants).
- Collect urine from the so-called middle stream.
- Provide two samples for testing, min. 20ml each.
- Containers have to be labelled with the patient's name, date of birth, date and time of the sample collection.
- Urine must be delivered to the laboratory as soon as possible, up to a maximum of 2 hours from the sample collection.
- Fresh stool sample should be collected from several places with a spatula, in an amount of the size of a hazelnut.
- Avoid the sample contamination with urine and chemicals used for toilet disinfection.
- Container should be tightly closed, labelled with the patient’s name, surname, date of birth and date of sampling.
- Container should be delivered to the laboratory as soon as possible.
- Collection of stool sample for occult blood does not require a special diet.
- Stool sample should not be collected during menstruation.